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Narcissus

Narcissus is the name given to the family of plants which includes jonquils. Daffodil is a common name used for all Narcissi. Narcissus are members of the Amaryllis family and are native to various parts of the world including China and Japan, the Mediterranean, Southern Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia. The plant is described throughout history in the literature and art of civilizations from China, Japan, Greece, Spain, Portugal and the Middle East. The Latin name for the Daffodil, Narcissus, was believed to have been derived from the Greek myth about Narcissus. However, Pliny, the Roman naturalist, argues that the name Narcissus derives from the term narkao meaning to benumb and that it is a reference to the bulb's medicinal abilities to cause instant numbness. The first cultivated Narcissi were probably Narcissus tazetta. Tazettas produce multiple, very fragrant flowers on a single stem. Paper Whites belong to this group. The Greeks loved this flower which was grown prolifically throughout the Greek isles. The Tazetta Daffodil expanded into Southern Europe where it was widely naturalized, but it was not hardy in many parts of Northern Europe. It is believed that the Romans brought winter hardy Daffodil varieties to Britain in the early centuries AD. By the 17th century, Europeans had been cultivating daffodils for hundreds of years, and the first doubles were being developed. Daffodils came to the New World with the earliest settlers. By 1651, the town of Gloucester, VA had large naturalized areas of Daffodils. In Virginia, the Trumpet Daffodils grew very well. Neighbors and friends shared bulbs routinely. In the 1820's, the first hybrids were developed but they did not become commercially available until the 1860's. In the period from 1860 to 1900 1000 new hybrid daffodils were introduced. An additional 6000 new varieties were introduced between 1900 and 1930. Daffodil popularity peaked in the late 19th century though there were some substantial developments in the 20th century. The first pink daffodils were introduced in 1923. Along with Tulips, Daffodils are the most important spring bulbs in Europe and the United States. Many old varieties are still available and new varieties are introduced every year. In many gardens, Daffodils are the first flowers to emerge in the spring. Their bright yellow flowers are eager to remind all of us that sunny days will soon return.

Cyclamineus Narcissi
Cyclamineus Narcissi
Double Narcissi
Double Narcissi
Jonquilla Narcissi
Jonquilla Narcissi
Large Cupped Narcissi
Large Cupped Narcissi
Miniature Trumpet Daffodils
Miniature Trumpet Daffodils
Poeticus Narcissi
Poeticus Narcissi
Small Cupped Narcissi
Small Cupped Narcissi
Species Miniature Narcissi
Species Miniature Narcissi
Tazetta Narcissi
Tazetta Narcissi
Triandus Narcissi
Triandus Narcissi
Trumpet Daffodils
Trumpet Daffodils
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